Fleischer, H. Jones, Alan, trans.
History of Persian language
Marogy ed. Lane, Edward W. Kaye ed. Harrassowitz, , II, p. Persson, Maria, art. Versteegh, Kees, art.
See also e. Fleischer, Kleinere Schriften , I, p. Mosel, Die syntaktische Terminologie bei Sibawaih , p.
See also the excursus below. On the possibility to posit a passive participle, i. See also ibid.
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I am grateful to Dr Avigail Noy for sending me this edition. See ibid. See e.
Plan I. Technical vs.
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Everyday Meanings of Terms. Excursus: Muqaddaran , muqaddiran and the Identity of the muqaddir. The commentary should not be It is common, therefore, for Arab learners to have difficulties with the seemingly random nature of English stress patterns. For example, the word yes terday is stressed on the first syllable and to morr ow on the second. The elision or swallowing of sounds that is so common in spoken English is problematic for Arab speakers, and they will often resist it.
Technical Terms in Arabic Grammatical Traditions and Their Everyday Meanings
Consider, for example, how the questions What did you do? This aversion to elision and the use of glottal stops before initial vowels are the primary reasons for the typical staccato quality of the spoken English of Arab learners. Furthermore, there is a single present tense in Arabic, as compared to English, which has the simple and continuous forms.
These differences result in errors such as She good teacher , When you come to Germany? Arabic does not make the distinction between actions completed in the past with and without a connection to the present.
This leads to failure to use the present perfect tense, as in I finished my work. Can you check it?
The development of a tradition: Continuity and change
There are no modal verbs in Arabic. This, for example, leads to: From the possible that I am late. I may be late. Another common mistake is to infer that an auxiliary is needed and make mistakes such as: Do I must do that?
Teaching My Son Arabic: Balancing Love and Grammar
Grammar - Other : The indefinite article does not exist in Arabic, leading to its omission when English requires it. There is a definite article but its use is not identical with the use of the definite article in English. In particular, Arab learners have problems with genitive constructions such as the boy's dog. In Arabic this would be expressed as Dog the boy , which is how such constructions may be conveyed into English. Adjectives in Arabic follow the noun they qualify.